Small Honey Ant

Category:

Actual Size: 2 to 4 mm

Characteristics: Smooth and shiny body, light to dark brown in color.

Legs: 6

Antennae: Yes

Wings: The male and female reproductives have wings. 

Habitat: Nests located in damp soil near shady areas. Indoor nests constructed beneath slab foundations and within potted plants. 

Habits:

  • Also known as the “winter ant” as it prefers cool temperatures.
  • Feeds on household foods such as sugar, fruit, meat, and bread.
  • Will place excavated soil from nests in curve-shaped mounds on top of the ground. 

Small Honey Ants in Vermont

The small honey ant is a common ant in Vermont, and is sometimes referred to as the “winter ant.” Unlike most home infesting ants, the small honey ant can withstand cold winter temperatures. Colonies are small, containing only a few thousand individuals. Ants make their way indoors from outside nests, however, they are also capable of nesting inside structures. Feeding on a variety of foods, small honey ants commonly invade homes as they forage for food. 

Small Honey Ant Habitat

Known to withstand cooler temperatures, small honey ants remain active at temperatures just above freezing. Nests are located in damp soil near shady places and they seldom nest under stones or other objects. When constructing nests, they place excavated soil in curve-shaped mounds on top of the ground. These ants usually forage for food outside, generally feeding on the honeydew produced by aphids. Workers commonly invade homes to forage for food, and occasionally to nest. They will also nest beneath slab foundations and enter buildings through expansion joints or cracks. 

Small Honey Ant Behaviors, Threats or Dangers

Small honey ants do not bite or sting and are mostly seen as a nuisance pest. They commonly invade homes from outdoors but are capable of nesting indoors. Entire colonies have been detected in potted plants. They damage roses and other plants by gnawing on flower buds to obtain sap. Small honey ants tend aphids and scale insects for their honeydew, a favorite food. As household pests, small honey ants feed on all varieties of sweets, meats, and fruit. Much like other ant species, small honey ants will contaminate food in homes as they forage and can be difficult to control and eliminate. If you suspect a small honey ant infestation, please consult a professional ant exterminator.